0-3 months old

Hands are in a fisted position

Arms movements are random and not controlled

Will watch the movement of their hands and brings hands to their mouth

Will swing at targets (toys, person) using their whole arm

Will follow a person's movements with their eyes

Will begin to hold objects in their hands

3-6 months

Reaches for toys using both arms

Begins to transfer objects from one hand to another

Will hold their hands together

Begins to notice objects a few feet away from them

6-9 months old

Begins to grasp & hold onto objects

Uses a raking grasp to move objects with fingers

Looking for one object while holding another

Pokes at objects using their index finger

Take objects to their mouth

Explore textures and sensory input with their mouths

Begin to hold their bottle

Squeezes objects with their fist

Play with their own hands

9-12 months old

Begins to feed themselves finger foods

Will turn pages in a book a few pages at a time

Begins to put small objects in a cup or container

Pincer grasp develops (using index finger and thumb to grasp objects)

Transfers objects between hands (beginning of crossing midline skills)

Grabs crayons with a fisted grasp

Can hold two small objects in one hand

Begins to show a preference for one hand over the other (beginning development of right handed vs. left handed)

12-18 months old

Can build a tower of 2 blocks high

Claps hands together (beginning of bilateral coordination!)

Waves goodbye

Can scoop objects with a spoon or small shovel

Bangs objects together using both hands (beginning of bilateral coordination!)

Puts small objects into a container

Scribbles with crayons on paper

18 Months – 2 years old

Putting rings on pegs

Begins holding a crayon with fingertips and thumb

Removing pegs from a pegboard

Marks or scribbles with a crayon or pencil

Can build a tower 3-4 blocks high

Can open loosely wrapped packages or containers

Begins to start cutting paper with scissors (closer to 2 years old)

Can turn pages in a book one page at a time

2 Years old

Manipulates clay or play dough

Can stack a block tower 9 blocks high

Can turn doorknobs

Can pick up small objects with pincer grasp (index finger and thumb)

Can complete 3 piece puzzles


Make snips on paper with scissors

Will wash hands independently

Can screw lids on containers on and off

Can string large beads

Zips and unzips large zippers

Can use a spoon correctly

3 Years Old

Can draw a circle after being shown model

Cuts a piece of paper in half

Copies prewriting lines of vertical, horizontal, and circle shapes

Laces a card

Can unbutton large buttons

Can cut along a wide line with 1/2″ accuracy

Will string 1/2 inch beads

Cuts along a line with no more than 1/8-1/4 inch deviation from the line

Sorts objects

Will fasten and unfasten large buttons

4 Years Old

Can copy cross shapes, right and left oblique lines, square and X shapes

Can touch the tip of each finger to their thumb

Can color within a picture with no more than 1/4″ deviations from the coloring lines

Can cut big circles with scissors

Can move the paper while cutting along a line

Completes puzzles of 4-5 pieces

Can use a fork correctly

Can get dressed and undressed without help

Uses dominate hand

5 Years Old

Grasps a pencil correctly

Begins to print their name

Copies a triangle shape

Cuts out a circle

Opens a lock with a key

Draw a diamond shape when given a model

Draws a person with at least 6 different body parts

Can lace their shoes

6 Years Old

Can copy first name

Builds a small structure with blocks

Can put a 16-20 piece puzzle together

Uses a knife to cut food

Cuts well with scissors, no deviations from the cutting line

Prints 3 or more simple words

Can print all numbers 0-9

Can print all letters of the alphabet, upper case and lower case

Any Concerns?

Again, we want to stress that this list is to be used as a guideline, each child is unique and may not hit every single milestone under each age right at that age. Please allow for your child's own personal development to grow. That, of course, does not mean that you should not provide ways for them to improve on certain things if they seem to be having trouble with a certain skill.

If you have any concerns, then please contact us for an informal chat.